In this page you will find practical information for travelling to Kenya and Tanzania: VisaMoneyGetting aroundClimateCommunications and Other facts about your photographic safari.


  • Almost all visitors to Kenya and Tanzania, including Europeans, Indians, Australians, New Zealanders, Americans, Canadians and many others require a visa, although citizens from some African and Commonwealth countries are exempt. Please contact the appropriate consular authority in your country or check Kenya and Tanzania’s Immigration websites before finalising your travel arrangements as regulations and requirements may change anytime.


    Currently all  travelers who do not require a referred visa in advance have two options to obtain a tourist visa:

    – On arrival at international airports or gazetted land borders. This visa will be stamped onto your passport showing the dates of issue and expiry.

    – By applying online on the governments’ portal Under normal circumstances, you should receive a reply in your online account within two working days. In rare cases, it may take up to a maximum of seven working days. Because of this we recommend applying at least two weeks earlier but not too early as the online visa is valid for only three months from the date it is issued.

    The two systems, manual visa on arrival and e-visa, are currently running concurrently. Visitors must be aware that policy may change soon with a shift to e-visa as the only visa system.

    E-visas MUST be applied online and paid for prior to entry into Kenya. The email approval after online application and payment may take up to one or two working days. Please follow the online instructions. You will be required to upload a recent colour photograph, the scanned copy of the main page of your passport, and pay by Visa, Mastercard or any other credit/debit card.

    The advantage of e-visa is, in theory, saving time on arrival at the airport. However, be aware that you will still have to cue at the e-Visa Counter to have both your e-visa printout and passport stamped. Please remember to print a copy of the e-Visa to carry with your passport.

    All visa requirements will also apply to children under 16 years who were previously exempted.


    Travelers who do not require a referred visa will have two options to obtain a tourist visa:

    – On arrival at international airports or designated land borders. This visa is in the form of a sticker showing the dates of issue and expiry.

    – From a Tanzanian Embassy or diplomatic mission in their country of residence. This may take some time, so you will have to make the request well in advance.


    – Tourist visa (Ordinary single-entry visa, also referred to as single journey visa – SJV): USD 50 (new notes only) or € 40UK£ 30 or equivalent in Swiss Francs. Cash only. It is valid for three months from the date of entry.

    – Transit visa: USD 20 (new notes only) or € 15, UK£ 10 or equivalent in Swiss Francs. It is issued to travelers who connect to other countries within a three-day period. An onward ticket or tour itinerary is required.

    – East African Visa: USD 100. This visa entitles to travel to and within Kenya, Rwanda and Uganda (Tanzania is excluded). It is valid for ninety days, multiple entry. Any of these countries can issue the East African Visa, but have to enter first the country that issued the visa. It is recommended to apply for this visa in advance before travelling.

    For the new e-visa there will be 1 USD processing fee on top of visa fee.  If you buy a visa on arrival, make sure to have the exact amount in cash with you.


    Tourist visa (Ordinary single-entry visa): USD 50USD 100 for US passport holders. It is valid for three months from the date of entry.

    – Transit visa: USD 30.  In theory a transit visa is issued to travellers who connect to other countries within a fourteen day period. An onward ticket, proof of sufficient funds for subsistence while in Tanzania, and an entry visa to the country of destination or any other proof that such person will be allowed entry to that country are required. Be aware that this visa is not always enforced and you may end up paying an ordinary visa fee even if you are just in transit.

    Visas in Tanzania can only be paid in US dollars (new notes only!).  Make sure to have the exact amount in cash with you.

  • Entry requirements for Kenya and Tanzania are as follows:

    – Passport valid for at least six months and one blank page for endorsement. We recommend at least two.

    – A return or onward ticket and a travel itinerary and/or booking vouchers to show the intended purpose of the visit.

    – Certificate of vaccination against yellow fever ONLY IF coming from a country infected with yellow fever  (read the page “Health and safety” of this website for more information).

    – Duly filled in and signed On Arrival Visa Application Form and Entry Declaration Form. You should have been given these forms by the cabin crew on the plane. Forms are otherwise available on arrival at the airport right before the visa counter or at land border posts. If you have applied for a Kenya visa online, you do not need the On Arrival Visa Application Form.

    For detailed information on visa and visa requirements visit the websites of the Kenya’s Immigration Department ( or  the Tanzania’ s Immigration Services Department (

    Visa fees and requirements are subject to change without notice.

    Please note that multiple-entry visas are no longer required if going from Kenya to Tanzania and Uganda and back to Kenya. The same applies for travel from Uganda and Tanzania to Kenya and back. You still need to have a separate single entry visa for each country you plan to visit though. Your single entry visa does not get invalidated by travelling to and from these countries.



    The currency unit is the Kenya Shilling (KSh or KES). Notes in circulation come in denominations of KSh 50, 100, 200, 500 and 1,000. KSh 1, 5, 10, 20 and 40 are available in coins.

    There are no restrictions on the import or export of local or foreign currency. However, amounts exceeding USD 5,000 or equivalent in other currencies per person must be declared upon arrival/ departure indicating the source and the purpose of this amount.

    Average exchange rate Euro – KSh108 (1 Euro = 108 KSh; 10 Euro = 1,080 KSh; 100 Euro = 10,800 KSh)

    Average exchange rate USD – KSh: 94 (1 USD = 94 KSh; 10 USD = 940 KSh; 100 USD = 9,400 KSh)


    The currency unit is the Tanzanian Shilling (TSh). There are notes of TSh 500, 1,000, 2,000, 5,000 and 10,000. TSh 1, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100 and 200 are available in coins.

    There are no quantity restrictions on the import or export of of foreign currency, and a declaration of foreign currency is no longer required. Local currency, however, cannot be either imported or exported except by residents of Tanzania, Kenya and Uganda. This is rarely checked but you never know, so change back your spare shillings when you leave the country.

    Average exchange rate Euro – TSh2,200 (1 Euro = 2,200 TSh; 10 Euro = 22,000 TSh; 100 Euro = 220,000 TSh)

    Average exchange rate USD – TSh: 2,000 (1 USD = 2,000 TSh; 10 USD = 20,000 TSh; 100 USD = 200,000 TSh)


    Please check the prevailing exchange rates Euro/USD to Ksh or Tsh before travelling, as these continuously fluctuate.

  • Generally speaking, for short stays there is no need to exchange US dollars, Euro or British Pound in the local currency as most hotels and operators in the tourism/safari sector accept all these foreign currencies. The only downside is that change may be given in the local currency.

    For longer stays that also include stays in the major cities, you may want to exchange some money. Official foreign exchange bureaus, also known as forex bureaus, are the best places for this both in Kenya and Tanzania. Airport bureaus are open 24 hours all year round but offer slightly less favourable rates than bureaus in town. Banks and most major hotels in towns also change money, but usually at much less competitive rates than bureaus. Banking and town-based bureaus hours are generally Mon-Fri 09:00 to 15:00 or 16:00, and Sat 09:00 to 11:00 or 12:00. Closed on public holidays.

    US dollar and EURO are easy to exchange throughout Kenya and Tanzania. Other major currencies are also readily accepted in major centres.

    Please ensure that you carry relatively new US dollar notes and travel with notes issued from or after the year 2008 only. Dollar notes printed before those dates are often not accepted due to counterfeiting problems. Both countries are very strict on this.

    Also note that foreign currency high denominations notes (e.g. Euro 500) may not be accepted. Notes such as USD 50, 100 are accepted and also get better exchange  rates than smaller notes (e.g. USD 5, 10, 20).

  • Money at cash machines, also known as automatic teller machines (ATMs), in Kenya and Tanzania are available in local currency only. Visa is by far the most useful card for ATM cash withdrawals (and still the only one supported by banks in many towns). Major international banks such as BarclaysStandard Chartered and Stanbic seem to frequently accept also MasterCard and cards tied in with the Cirrus-Maestro network.

    It is preferable not to use stand-alone ATMs but only those attached to a bank. You are also  advised to notify your bank of your travel plans as some may block your card if you try to use it at ATMs in Africa. There are no ATMs at safari locations.


    ATMs are available 24hrs at all major banks in every city, town and at some petrol stations in urban areas. They are generally reliable and in service most of the time.  There is a withdrawal limit of KSh 40,000 (approx. EURO 370 – USD 481) per transaction up to your personal daily limit.


    ATMs are available 24 hrs at all major banks in major centres only such as Arusha, Moshi, Karatu, Dar es Salaam and Stone Town (Zanzibar). It is not uncommon to find them temporarily out of service or out of cash. There is a withdrawal limit of TSh 400,000 (approx.EURO 182 – USD 200) and sometimes of TSh 300,000 per transaction up to your personal daily limit.

  • Travellers cheques are no longer widely accepted. They can be easily cashed only at some major banks and some forex bureaux in larger cities and towns, and often carry high commission charges. The original purchase receipt is generally required to exchange the cheques. Most hotels and safari operators do not accept travellers cheques as direct payment. We then do not recommend bringing travellers cheques given their limited use.

    Banking hours are generally Mon-Fri 09:00 to 15:00 or 16:00, and Sat 09:00 to 11:00 or 12:00.

  • Using a credit card can make you vulnerable to frauds. It would be prudent then to use it only at top-end hotels, restaurants and shopping centres. When you give your credit card, make sure that the merchant swipes the card in the machine IN FRONT of you. Never allow anyone to absent himself/herself even for a moment with your credit card. During game drives, always carry your credit card/s (and any other valuable) with you at all times, if not, make at least sure that these are well hidden and not on full display in the tent/room or better in the lodge/hotel safety box.

    You are advised to notify your bank of your travel plans as credit cards may be denied when you try to make payments in Africa. Most safari lodges and camps in Kenya and Tanzania do not have credit card facilities.


    Major international credit cards such as Visa and MasterCard are widely accepted in Nairobi and other major towns in Kenya, often without any surcharge (though you should enquiry before paying). American Express, Access and Diners Club are less so.


    Credit cards are frequently not accepted, except at some up-market hotels and other establishments. They usually attract a steep commission. The best card to bring is Visa.  American Express, Access and Diners Club are generally not accepted.

  • Usually when booking a tour with Image Safaris, the majority of the costs (accommodation on a full-board basis, domestic transport, guiding) are included in the price.

    Unless otherwise specified in your safari programme, items that are often not included are: accommodation, meals and drinks before or after your scheduled safari (e.g. during the stopover in Nairobi or Arusha, if any), drinks at safari lodges or camps, laundry services, telephone & Internet, tips, additional safari activities, and any other personal expense.

    With strict reference to your stay at safari lodges and camps you will not need large sums of cash as most of the extras will include drinks (USD 2 to USD 3 per bottled water, soft drink, or local beer), tips (read the section “Tipping” next) and occasionally laundry (USD 1 to USD 3 per laundry item depending on size).

    The total amount to bring, however, is your personal decision and may also depend on whether you plan to do a lot of shopping (mostly possible in large urban centres only) and, above all, the level of security you are after in case of emergencies. It is very important to check, for example, whether your insurance company will make direct payments to medical service providers abroad or will reimburse you later for any expenditure made. The latter is NOT recommended as international standard healthcare in Kenya and Tanzania is very expensive and you would need to carry lots of cash with you! Please read carefully the pages “Health and safety” and “Travel insurance” for more information on medical services costs.

    Once you have made these considerations, carry the appropriate amount of cash to cover all extras and minor unforeseen events and preferably  a Visa card for some sort of back up funds. Plus your travel insurance always at hand!

    The best currency to bring is US dollars (new notes only!) though Euro is also fine. A mix of large (USD 50, 100) and small denominations is ideal to pay for your extras. Small notes are mostly for paying small items or services as change may not be always readily available.

  • Tipping is by no means a must. Waiters and other hotel, lodge or camp staff, including porters, guides and drivers can be tipped at your discretion. Having said this, tipping in Kenya, Tanzania and the rest of East Africa is very common and usually expected even for small services.

    General tipping guidelines:

    You can leave a 5-10% tip at restaurants and bars in major towns. On safari, if there is no particular person that you wish to tip, but would like to tip the lodge or camp staff as a whole (including those behind the scenes such as cooks, room attendants, security guards etc.) you can leave a tip in the general tipping box usually located at reception or in another central location. The average is a tip of 5 to 10 USD per guest, per day.

    Local drivers are usually tipped separately, approximately 20 to 30 USD per day in total to be divided among all guests who want to contribute. You may also wish to provide a 1-2 USD tip to porters who will bring your luggage from your vehicle to your room.

    Guidelines apart, your tip should always be entirely based on the level of service received and your satisfaction with it.


Getting around


    Jomo Kenyatta International Airport (JKIA) in Nairobi (approx. 16 Km from city centre) is a major gateway to Kenya and the whole of East Africa. It is the main arrival point for most visitors going on a safari. Other international airports are the Moi International Airport (the coast gateway) in Mombasa, and Eldoret International Airport (servicing Kenya’s western regions) in Eldoret.

    For our safaris, the arrival airport is Nairobi’s Jomo Kenyatta International Airport. Nairobi is served by a number of international airlines. From Europe, the following airlines offer direct flights from their respective capital cities: KLM (via Amsterdam), Swiss (via Zurich), Brussels Airlines (via Brussels) and British Airways (via London). Additionally, various Middle eastern and African carriers fly to Nairobi from Europe with a connection in their capital cities. These are Emirates (via Dubai), Qatar Airways (via Doha), Turkish Airlines (via Istambul), Etihad (via Abu Dhabi), Egypt Air (via Cairo) and Ethiopian Airlines (via Addis Abeba). Kenya’s flag carrier, Kenya Airways, operates direct flights to London, Paris and Amsterdam in Europe, in conjunction with Skyteam partners Air France and KLM.


    For our safaris in Tanzania, we recommend flying to the Kilimanjaro International Airport (KIA) in Arusha/Moshi (approx. 40 Km and 50 Km from Moshi and Arusha respectively). This is the main gateway to the safaris of the so called Tanzania’s Northern Circuit. Other international airports (far from the Northern Circuit’s routes) are the Julius Nyerere International Airport in Dar es Salaam and Abeid Amani Karume International Airport on the island of Zanzibar. When booking online your international flight to/from Kilimanjaro International Airport, whose IATA code is JRO, do not get confused with Arusha Airport, whose code is ARK.

    Airlines flying directly to Kilimanjaro International Airport are currently KLM (via Amsterdam), Condor (via Frankfurt), Turkish Airlines (via Istambul), Qatar Airways (via Doha), Ethiopian Airlines (via Addis Abeba), Kenya Airways and Precision Air (via Nairobi). An alternative to flying directly to Kilimanjaro International Airport is flying to Nairobi and then taking the shuttle to Arusha (through the Namanga border post), which is approximately 5-6 hours drive.


    In the event of lost luggage on arrival at the international airport, leave the contact numbers that we will have communicated to you prior to departure to the Lost&Found Desk. Once found, the airline should be responsible to forward the luggage to you at no extra cost. Beware however that this may take from 24 hours up to a few days! Make sure to pack all the medicines and any other items you absolutely need in your hand luggage. Please also check with your insurance if you have a lost luggage/ delayed luggage clause. As much as we are happy to assist with luggage retrieval and forwarding to your destination, we cannot unfortunately cover any eventual costs related to it.

  • All domestic flights are booked with leading aviation companies (e.g. Air Kenya or Safarilink in Kenya and Coastal Aviation, Regional Air or Tanganyka Flying Company in Tanzania) that have very good track record for safety and comply with both countries’ Civil Aviation Authority standards. Flights are generally operated on small to medium-size aircrafts carrying from 11 to 60 passengers maximum.

    Please note that baggage allowance on most domestic light aircraft flights is strictly 15 Kg per passenger, inclusive of hand luggage, cameras, camera bags and associated equipment. Excess is charged at a fee (approx. USD 3 + VAT per extra kg) but is only carried subject to space availability and safety considerations. Large hard shell suitcases may also be refused. It is advisable then to carry medium or small size soft bags that can be molded and fit into small areas.

    Scheduled and charter flights to the best known game areas in Kenya and across the regions are operated from Wilson Airport in Nairobi (approx. 4 Km from Nairobi city centre and 15 Km from Jomo Kenyatta International Airport).

    In Tanzania, we normally opt to travel by road from Arusha to our safari destinations and back. Upon request, however, we can book domestic flights to/from Arusha. Scheduled and charter flights are operated mainly from Arusha Domestic Airport (approx. 8 Km from Arusha town centre) with a few of them also serving the Kilimanjaro International Airport.

  • Our driver will be waiting for you at the airport’s arrivals hall with a sign displaying your name. The hall is often very crowded and you might be approached by many other taxi drivers and other individuals before seeing our representative. Just ignore these approaches and keep looking out for your name.

    In Nairobi, if you connect from Wilson Airport to Jomo Kenyatta International Airport and vice versa, allow at least 3.5-4 hours between the expected landing time of your flight and the expected departure time of your next flight. Road traffic in between the two airports can be very intense during week days, a bit less so on Sundays.

    In Arusha traffic is not that bad and you may consider 45 min to 1 hour on average to cover the distance between Arusha and Kilimanjaro international Airport.

  • Inter-city highways in Kenya and Tanzania are almost all tarmac and range from fair to good conditions.

    If you drive during rush hours you are likely to hit heavy traffic on the way out and into major towns. This is especially valid for Nairobi (which seems to be wracked by traffic jams at all times during the day), Kenya, and to a lesser extent Arusha, Tanzania.

    Overall, both in Kenya and Tanzania, it is difficult to predict the status of roads before travelling. All roads – even recently repaved ones – may deteriorate quickly, especially in periods of heavy rains. It is also quite common to expect short rutted sections or occasional detours due to maintenance even in roads that are for most parts good.

    Secondary roads in both countries, including roads in the game parks and reserves, are generally rough and bumpy. Murram or earth roads, they may have uneven surfaces, with potholes and/ or corrugations on some sections. They become very dusty during the dry season and some stretches can be very muddy during rainy season.

    Inside national parks and reserves, it is mandated to drive slowly.


  • Kenya and Tanzania are vast territories with pronounced regional variations in terms of geographical features, including altitude. This means that climate varies across the regions with different temperature, rainfall and humidity.

    Generally speaking, most parts of Kenya and Tanzania have two rainy seasons: a five week short rainy season (mid/end October to November or early December) and a ten week period long rainy season (mid March to mid May). April is usually the wettest month.

    Please note that these temporal patterns are not always well defined and rain may fall outside the normal rainy seasons. The amount of rainfall also significantly varies year to year. Actually rains have been almost totally unpredictable over the past few years.

    Overall, June to August is the coolest season, with mid-July to mid-August the coldest period at most locations. From mid December to March it is usually warm or hot, with February the warmest and driest months in most parts of the country.

    Please note that in Northern Tanzania, however, the typical rainy seasons tend to be less pronounced than in other East African regions. Rains may sporadically fall from November until late April or the beginning of May.


    Due to the proximity to the Equator, sunrise occurs between 6 am and 6:30 am (the variation depends on the period of the year) while sunset is exactly 12 hours later.

  • Amboseli NP – It is located at 1,100-1,200m (3,609-3,937ft) above sea level in the southern part of Kenya. The climate in the region is hot and dry with scarce precipitation. Average day temperatures range from 24°C to 33°C (75°F to 91°F) and night temperatures can drop to 14°C-17°C (57°F-59°F). Rains usually concentrate between end of March until end of May and between November and early December.

    Lake Nakuru NP – It is located at an average elevation of 1,754m (5,754ft) above sea level in the Rift Valley. The temperatures are relatively constant during the year with February the warmest month with most sunshine and an average day temperature of 28°C (82°F), though it can peak at 30°C (82°F). July is the coldest months with an average day temperature of 23°C (73°F). Temperatures can drop sharply at night to 8°C – 15°C (46°F – 59°F). Rainfall peaks around April and May though it can often rain outside the normal rainy seasons, .

    Masai Mara NR – It  is located at an average of 1,600 m (5,249ft) above sea level in the south-west of Kenya. Highest daytime temperatures range from 25°C to 30°C (77°F to 86°F). It is warmest from December to January. Night temperatures can drop below 15°C (59°F) in the coldest months in June and July. The rainy season is from April to May and in November, though Masai Mara tend to have a damp climate all year round.

    Samburu NR – It is located 800-1,230m (2,625-4,035ft) above sea level in northen Kenya. It has a hot and dry climate with cool nights. The average annual maximum temperature is 30ºC (86°F) while the minimum annual temperature is 20ºC (68°F). Peak rainfall is in April and November.

    The capital city Nairobi is located at 1,661m (5,449ft) above sea level and has a mild temperate climate. Summer months (December to March) are usually sunny and warm, though it may occasionally rain. Winter months (June to September) are mild to cool, growing cold in the evenings. In this period you can expect cloudy, drizzly days. April is the wettest month. Depending on the season, day average temperatures range from 21ºC to 26 ºC (70°F -79°F) while night average temperature range form 8ºC to 16ºC (46°F -61°F).

  • Given the altitude, the Serengeti NP and Ngorongoro Crater in Tanzania benefit of a fairly steady temperate climate with little humidity throughout the year

    Serengeti NP – is located on an elevated plateau at about 1,524 – 1,829 m (5,000 – 6,000 ft) above sea level. Immediately south of the equator, the Serengeti plains extend from northern Tanzania up to south-western Kenya where they merge into the Masai Mara. In Serengeti you can expect average highs between 26ºC and 30ºC (79°F – 86°F), while minimum temperatures are generally comprised between 13ºC and 16ºC (55°F – 61°F).

    Ngorongoro Crater – Part of the Ngorongoro Conservation Area (NCA), the Ngorongoro Crater is located to the south eastern border of the Serengeti. The rim of the Ngorongoro Crater is situated at 2,286 – 2,438 m (7,500 – 8,000 ft) above sea level; while the elevation of the caldera floor is at about 610 m (1,972 ft). Average highs are pretty much the same throughout the year ranging from 26ºC to 29ºC (79°F – 84°F). The mean low temperature in the crater is 10ºC (50°F). The rim of the crater, however, can be significantly colder than the crater at night and early mornings due to the high elevation. Here lows can dip, sometimes below freezing, to 1ºC – 4ºC (30°F – 40°F) during the coldest months in June, July and August.

    Arusha – The city of Arusha is the starting point for safaris in the Northern Circuit. Located at 1,400 m (4,600 ft) on the southern slopes of Mount Meru, Arusha has a cool climate throughout the year. Average annual maximum and minimum temperatures are 25ºC (77°F) and 10ºC (50°F) respectively. During the warm seasons highs may get up to 29ºC (84°F) while temperatures can drop to 8ºC (46°F) at night during the coldest months.


  • In Nairobi and other major towns in Kenya and Tanzania you can easily make international phone calls from either your hotel (more expensive) or cybercafes. Most safari lodges and camps, however, do NOT offer phone or internet services.

    As an option, direct overseas dialling is possible from your handset. Network coverage for cell phones is very good in urban centres. Check first with your cell phone service provider whether your phone will work either in Kenya or Tanzania and make sure you are aware of the applicable roaming fees (both for calls and sms).

    In Kenya, coverage is usually available even at isolated safari locations, though it can be patchy and not always reliable. Most areas of our safari circuit in Tanzania do not have cell phone coverage.

    If you are on safari and expect to make/receive calls frequently, you may consider the option of buying a local sim card from one of the main mobile operators (Safaricom and Airtel have probably the widest network coverage in Kenya and Tanzania respectively) together with pre-paid phone cards. Using a local sim card, you do not pay for incoming calls but only for the calls you make. Sms are also cheaper. Make sure, however, that you have an unlocked GSM-compatible phone.

    You are recommended to buy your sim card directly at the international airport on arrival as otherwise it may not be possible for you to visit the licensed retailer shops once the safari has started. For security reasons, in Kenya sim cards can only be obtained directly by the person requesting them, upon presentation of his/her passport for registration in the service provider’s system.

    On a general note, going on a safari is not really recommended if you have to make or receive frequent calls for business purposes or other reasons, unless it is a private safari. Apart from being contrary to the spirit and the whole concept of a photographic safari, phones are very disturbing to others.

    The international dialling code for Kenya is +254.

    The international dialling code for Tanzania is +255.

  • Internet and email services are available for guests at most hotels and at cybercafes in the urban centres in Kenya and Tanzania. Especially in Nairobi, Kenya, some hotels and coffee bars offer relatively fast Internet Wi-Fi connectivity. Some charge convention rates for Internet access while others offer free complimentary Internet. Most of the safari lodges and camps in both countries, however, do NOT offer these services.

    If you absolutely need Internet while on safari in Kenya, you may consider the option of accessing the broadband internet services offered by Kenya mobile operators. To do so, you need to purchase a local sim card from one of the main mobile operators (Safaricom has the widest network coverage) together with pre-paid phone cards. You can also use this sim card to make/ receive international calls. As indicated in the paragraph “Telephone”, make sure that you have an unlocked GSMcompatible phone.

    Be aware, however, that Internet access in the bush can be very patchy.You may have to drive to special hilltops or look for specific spots at camp for some signal. Internet speed can be extremely slow and frustrating.

    Forget about Internet and your email for most of the time while on safari in Tanzania,unless you are in a camp with wi-fi.

Other facts

  • The official languages in Kenya and Tanzania are English and Swahili.


    English is the language of choice of commerce, technology, tourism, education and government, among others. It is widely spoken in Nairobi and larger towns across the country, though with varying degree of fluency. Peri-urban dwellers may prefer Swahili to English (or a mix of English and Swahili), with some rural populations in remote areas speaking only their native languages. Overall, an English speaker will hardly encounter any problems in being able to communicate while travelling in Kenya.


    English is generally less widely used than in Kenya. It is the language of secondary education, universities and higher courts. Swahili remains the language of choice in the administration, in the government and in social life. English, however, is widely spoken in hotels, restaurants, and tourist establishments, especially in major towns and in the safari circuit. Overall, you will always get by with English during your safari in Tanzania.

  • The standard time zone in Kenya and Tanzania is UTC/GMT +3 hours, meaning 3 hours later than London. Kenya and Tanzania do not observe daylight saving time (also known as “summer time”), so the time difference is reduced to +2 hours for those countries that do have summer time.

  • Electricity in Kenya and Tanzania is supplied with 220 or 240 volts AC, 50Hz.

    UK-style square three pin plugs are used. Most large hotels and some safari lodges provide shaving points with 110v 50 cycles. These are not available in tented camps.

    Bear in mind that safari lodges and tented camps are not connected to the power grid and rely on their own generators and/ or solar systems. Power is usually switched off during most of the daylight hours, from 8 or 9 am to midday and from 2 pm to 6 pm, and at night from 10 or 11 pm to 5 or 6 am.

    In some tented camps sockets are only available in the office and/or dining area.

    Power outages, voltage fluctuations and sudden spikes are very common. A surge protector is recommended for your electrical equipment.

    The electrical system of most bush camps does not support the use of hair dryers! Enquiry with the camp manager before plugging your hair dryer.

    All safari vehicles have a cigarette lighter socket on a 12-volt system. Some of them have an inverter for charging equipment. We recommend not to rely too much on vehicle inverters, however, as for some reasons they often stop to work.

    All specific information to each camp and vehicle will be provided before departure.